Jethro Hernandez Berrones

Notable Achievements

Assistant Professor of History Jethro Hernández Berrones organized and moderated a panel titled “Contending Positions: Science, Medicine, and Religion in 19th- and 20th-century Mexico” for the 2018 History of Science Society annual meeting in Seattle, WA, Nov. 14. Gathering a diverse set of panelists at different career stages, the panel was one of three at the meeting discussing the history of science and medicine in Latin America. Dr. Hernández Berrones also presented a paper titled “Medicine in Revolution: Mapping Homeopathy in the Landscape of Mexican Medical Science, 18611934.” This paper argues that Mexican homeopaths used vitalism, a natural philosophy in tension with mechanicism, to promote an approach to medicine centered on the human being. In opposition to the model proposed by the National University, the homeopaths’ approach adapted to the economic and social needs of the rural and working-class population they served.

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Expertise

Modern Mexico, Latin America, Medicine, Science, Pubic Health, Medical Education, Homeopathy, Global Scientific Networks, Traditional/Popular Healing, Popular Science, Spiritualism/Spiritism

Dr. Hernandez Berrones is a historian interested in understanding how disputes over scientific and medical knowledge cause social, cultural, and political change. Particularly, he is interested in how hegemonic models of medical science, medical institutions and public health policies change as a result of contending understandings of the body, health, and disease. He received his B.Sc. in Biology and M.A. in Philosophy of Science at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. He graduated from the doctoral program in the History of Health Sciences at the University of California, San Francisco under the supervision of Dorothy Porter and Gabriela Soto Laveaga. He became interested in the history of medicine, science, and public health as a result of his own family experiences with medical pluralism. His book titled A Revolution in Small Doses: Homeopathy, the Medical Profession, and the State in Mexico, 1893-1942 is under contract with the University of North Carolina Press. He recently published the article “Homeopathy ‘for Mexicans’: Medical Popularisation, Commercial Endeavours, and Patients’ Choice in the Mexican Medical Marketplace, 1853-1872” in Medical History. His work received the 2016 Pressman Award of the American Association for the History of Medicine given to an outstanding PhD dissertation in twentieth-century history of medicine and a proposal to turn it into a publishable monograph. It also received the 2015 Hans-Walz Prize for studies in the history of homeopathy by the Institute of the History of Medicine of the Robert Bosch Foundation in Stuttgart, Germany.

 

  • Dr. Hernandez Berrones is a historian interested in understanding how disputes over scientific and medical knowledge cause social, cultural, and political change. Particularly, he is interested in how hegemonic models of medical science, medical institutions and public health policies change as a result of contending understandings of the body, health, and disease. He received his B.Sc. in Biology and M.A. in Philosophy of Science at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. He graduated from the doctoral program in the History of Health Sciences at the University of California, San Francisco under the supervision of Dorothy Porter and Gabriela Soto Laveaga. He became interested in the history of medicine, science, and public health as a result of his own family experiences with medical pluralism. His book titled A Revolution in Small Doses: Homeopathy, the Medical Profession, and the State in Mexico, 1893-1942 is under contract with the University of North Carolina Press. He recently published the article “Homeopathy ‘for Mexicans’: Medical Popularisation, Commercial Endeavours, and Patients’ Choice in the Mexican Medical Marketplace, 1853-1872” in Medical History. His work received the 2016 Pressman Award of the American Association for the History of Medicine given to an outstanding PhD dissertation in twentieth-century history of medicine and a proposal to turn it into a publishable monograph. It also received the 2015 Hans-Walz Prize for studies in the history of homeopathy by the Institute of the History of Medicine of the Robert Bosch Foundation in Stuttgart, Germany.

     

  • Awards

    Jack D. Pressman-Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Development Award American Association for the History of Medicine, 2016

    Hans Walz Prize for Studies in the History of Homeopathy, Institute for the History of Medicine, Robert Bosch Stiftung, 2015

    Research Grants

    Southwestern Faculty Competitive Funds, summer, 2016

    Southwestern Faculty Competitive Funds, summer, 2015

    Graduate Student Research Award, University of California San Francisco, 2012–13

    UCMEXUS Small Grants for UC Students, 2010

    Fellowships

    Biomedical Workforce Fellowship, University of California, San Francisco, 2013–14

    The University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States – Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (UCMEXUS-CONACYT), 2009–14

    CONACYT Graduate Studies Fellowship, 2004–6

    UNAM’s Graduate Studies Division Fellowship, 2004–6

     

  • Refereed Articles

    “Breaking the Boundaries of Professional Regulation: Medical Licensing, Foreign Influence, and the Consolidation of Homeopathy in Mexico” (forthcoming)

    “Medicine ‘for Mexicans’: Medical Popularization, Commercial Endeavors, and Patients’ Choice in  the Mexican Medical Marketplace, 1853-1872”, Medical History, 61, 4, (October, 2017), 568-589, https://doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2017.59

    Book Reviews

    Sloan, Kathryn A. Death in the City: Suicide and the Social Imaginary in Modern Mexico. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2017, 257pp. Review by Jethro Hernandez Berrones for H-LatAm (https://www.h-net.org/reviews/showpdf.php?id=50971). February, 2018

    Duncan, Whitney L. The Culture of Mental Health in a Changing Oaxaca. University of California, San Diego, 2012. Doctoral Dissertation. Reviewed by Jethro Hernandez-Berrones for Dissertation Reviews (http://dissertationreviews.org/archives/7261), February 5, 2014

    Digital Projects

    “A visit to the Battle Creek Sanitarium (1914)” on Digital Texas Heritage Resource Center, Southwestern University Special Collections and Archives, https://texasheritage.omeka.net/exhibits/show/popularizing-science-class-exh

     

  • Note: This is a list of selected seminars and not a complete list.

    Invited Lectures and Talks

    “Racialized Spirits: Doctors on Spiritual healing Practices in Mexico, 1920s and 30s”. Race and Ethnicity Symposium, Southwestern University, January, 2018

    “Hostilidad, desorden e indisciplina: los retos del pluralismo médico en el Hospital Nacional Homeopático en la ciudad de México durante la revolución mexicana, 1895-1934”, Hispanic Symposium, Southwestern University, March, 2017

    “Medicine in Revolution”: Mapping Homeopathy into the Landscape of Mexican Medical Science, 1861-1934. History and Philosophy of Science Colloquium, Luncheon Series, University of Texas, Austin, November, 2016

    “Between the National and the International: Homeopathic congresses and the Consolidation of Homeopathy in Mexico, 1929-1935”, Borderlands Symposium, Southwestern University, November, 2016

    “The History of the Mexican-US Border”. Mexico/US Border Lecture Series & Dinner, Southwestern University, March, 2016

    “Brindando educación médica científica a la clase trabajadora. Las escuelas de medicina homeopática y la centralización de la educación médica en la ciudad de México, 1895-1940”, Departamento de Investigación Educativa, CINVESTAV, IPN; Departamento de Historia de la Medicina, UNAM, June, 2015

    “Health and the Latino/a population”. Annual Cesar Chavez Dinner; Alpha Tau chapter of the Kapa Delta Chi Sorority, Inc., Southwestern University, March, 2015

    Conference Presentations

    “Medicine in Revolution: Mapping Homeopathy in the Landscape of Mexican Medical Science, 1861-1934” 2018 History of Science Society annual meeting, Seattle, WA, Nov, 2018

    “Teaching Medicine to the Working Class: Private Medical Schools in Revolutionary Mexico, 1910-1940”, 15th International Reunion of Historians of Mexico, Guadalajara, Mexico, October 2018

    “From Foreign Healers to International Doctors: Internationalism and the Consolidation of Homeopathy in Mexico, 1853-1942”, 25th International Congress of History of Science and Technology, Rio de Janerio, Brazil, July, 2017

    “Hostilidad”, “Desorden”, and “Indisciplina”: The Challenges of Medical Pluralism at the National Homeopathic Hospital during the Age of Institutionalization of Biomedicine in Mexico City, 1893-1934, American Association for the History of Medicine, Nashville, TN, May, 2017

    “A Revolution in Medical Training: The Making, Remaking, and Enduring of the National School of Homeopathic Medicine in Mexico, 1895-1936”, American Association for the History of Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, May, 2016

    “Science, Professional Training, and Public Health: The Sanitation of the Medical Profession in Post-revolutionary Mexico, 1920-1934”; American Historical Association, Atlanta, GA, Jan, 2016

    “The Sanitary Dictatorship and the Criminalization of Medical Practice in Post-Revolutionary Mexico, 1920s and 1930s”; Rocky Mountain Council for Latin American Studies, Tucson, Arizona, April, 2015