Various Treatment Approaches
Use of face-to-face discussions to talk about, define, and
resolve personal problems. Several types of psychotherapy include:
Individual Therapy – The most
common form of professional assistance. A therapist works
one-on-one with the client using a variety of treatment
methods to sort out the problems and find resolutions.
||Psychoanalysis – Places
emphasis on linking early childhood memories and events to
current behaviors. It normally takes several years to
complete this therapy and involves a basic rebuilding and
modifying of a patient’s personality to overcome
psychological problems. Two drawbacks to this approach are
that it takes a long time and it’s very costly.
||Group Therapy – An approach in
which a therapist conducts treatment in a group setting of 6
- 12 members. Through this supportive environment, members
help one another resolve their problems.
||Family Therapy – A type of
counseling provided to two or more family members to assist
a troubled individual and/or promote better functioning of
the family unit. The interaction among members serves as the
key to resolving conflicts.
||Couple Therapy – Helps couples
understand how conflicts get expressed by their interactions
with each other. The goal is to develop a more rewarding
||Play Therapy – Most often used
with young children. Uses play with dolls or puppets to
identify and resolve problems.
||Behavior Modification – Uses
techniques, such as relaxation training, biofeedback,
positive reinforcement, punishment, and altering triggers to
teach new substitute behaviors. The emphasis is on altering
outward behavior rather than the resolution of early
||Hypnotherapy – A state of
heightened suggestibility that allows the client to tune out
unimportant information and focus only on what the
hypnotherapist is saying. The client then is given
suggestions to change personal behavior, i.e., lose weight,
manage stress, or overcome fears.
||Drug Therapy – Uses medicines,
such as antidepressants and tranquilizers to help correct
chemical imbalances, mood, and/or thinking disorders. Drug
therapy is often used in conjunction with other treatment
||Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
– Low “doses” of electrical energy currents are delivered to
a patient’s brain. ECT is used only for certain extreme
conditions, such as chronic depression or aggression that
has not responded to other treatment methods.