Professor of Kinesiology
Areas of expertiseExercise and Sport Biomechanics
PhD,Arizona State University 1994
BA,College of Wooster 1987
Iowa State University
August 01, 1994 - May 01, 2001
Department of Health & Human Performance
Sport and Exercise Biomechanics
My interest in sport and exercise biomechanics focuses on swimming. I am actively working in several areas within swimming with the underlying goal of understanding what factors influence performance in competitive swimming. Specifically I am studying the effect of buoyancy on aquatic performance, the influence of biomechanical, physiological, and psychological factors on variability in swimming performance, the factors that best predict success in swim starts, development of stroke and turn characteristics with training, and the effect of equipment on swimming performance.
Neuromuscular Control of Movement
My interest in neuromuscular aspects of movement centers on the performance of bilateral and unilateral tasks under maximal and submaximal conditions. Bilateral or bimanual tasks are an important aspect of everyday activities. Evidence suggests that strength decreases in a given limb when that limb is activated simultaneously with the contralateral limb. This is known as the bilateral deficit. Much of this research has focused on investigating this phenomenon using maximal effort exertions but few if any activities are normally performed at maximal levels of exertion. Therefore, I am investigating the existence of the bilateral deficit at submaximal intensities by studying the physiological and cognitive components of the bilateral deficit.
An application of this work has been to study everyday bimanual tasks (e.g., sit-to-stand tasks) with the goal of developing approaches (training and/or techniques) that may reduce or eliminate the effect of the bilateral deficit. Recent work has included work on balance training to improve proprioceptive function using novel training equipment.
- McLean, S.P., Vint, P.F., and Stember, A.J. (2005). Submaximal expression of the bilateral deficit. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (accepted 8/2005).
- Stodden, D. F., Fleisig, G. S., McLean, S. P., Lyman, S. L., & Andrews, J. R. (2005). Relationship of shoulder and elbow kinetics to baseball pitching velocity. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 21(1), 44-56.
- Roberts, B.S., Kamel, K.S., Hedrick, C., McLean, S.P., and Sharp, R.L. (2003). Effects of FastSkinTM Competitive Swim Suit on Physiological and Biomechanical Responses During Submaximal Freestyle Swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(3), 519-524.
- Marsolais, G.S. McLean, S.P., Derrick, T.R., and Conzemius, M.G. (2003). Kinematic comparison of swimming and terrestrial motion in normal dogs and dogs stabilized for cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Journal of American Veterinary Medicine Association, 222(6), 739-743.
- Hernandez, J.P., Nelson, N.L., Franke, W.D., and McLean, S.P. (2003). Bilateral Index Expressions and iEMG Activity in Older vs. Young Adults. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 58(6), M536-541.
- Derrick, T.R., DeReu, D., and McLean, S.P. (2002). Impacts and kinematic adjustments during an exhaustive run. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(6), 998-1002.
- Vint, P.F., McLean, S.P., and Harron, G.M. (2001). Electromechanical delay in isometric actions initiated from non-resting levels. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(6), 978-983.
- Stodden, D.F., Fleisig, G., McLean, S.P., Lyman, S.L., and Andrews, J.R. (2001). Relationship of pelvis and upper torso kinematics to pitched baseball velocity. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 17, 164-172 .
- McLean, S.P., Holthe, M., Vint, P.F., Beckett, K.D., and Hinrichs, R.N. (2000). Addition of an approach to a swimming relay start. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 16, 343-356.
- Franke, W.D., Boettger, C.F., and McLean, S.P. (2000). Effects of central command and muscle mass on cardiovascular responses to isometric exercise. Journal of Clinical Physiology, 20(5), 380-387.
- McLean, S.P. and Hinrichs, R.N. (2000). Influence of arm position and lung volume on the center of buoyancy of competitive swimmers. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71(2), 182-189.
- McLean, S.P. and Hinrichs, R.N. (2000). Gender, buoyancy and swimming performance. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 16, 248-263.
- McLean, S.P. and Reeder, M.S. (2000). Upper extremity kinematics of dominant and non-dominant side batting. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 38, 201-212.
- McLean, S.P. and Hinrichs, R.N. (1998). Sex differences in the centre of buoyancy location of competitive swimmers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 16(4), 373-383.
- Hinrichs, R.N. and McLean, S.P. (1995). NLT and extrapolated DLT: 3-D cinematography alternatives for enlarging the volume of calibration. Journal of Biomechanics, 28(10), 1219-1224.
- McLean, S.P. and Marzke, M. (1994). Functional significance of the fibula: Contrasts between humans and chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica, 63(2), 107-114.
- Hinrichs, R.N. and McLean, S.P. (1991). A Mathematical Model of Competitive Swimming in Pools with Currents. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 7, 163-174.
- Hinrichs, R.N., Morrison, B.J. and McLean, S.P. A Comparison of Buoyant Forces and Center of Buoyancy in Competitive Swimmers Wearing Conventional and Full Body Swimsuits. Submitted to Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
Seminars & Presentations
- Vint, PF, Hinrichs, RN, Riewald, SK, Mason, RA and McLean, SP (2009). Using Handles and Foot Incline in a Swimming Track Start. Submitted to XXVII International Society for Biomechanics in Sports Annual Meeting, Limerick, Ireland.
- Hinrichs, RN, Vint, PF, McLean, SP, Riewald, SA, Mason, RK (2009). Comparison Of Swim Starts Using Side Handle And Front Handle Grip Techniques. Poster presentation at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Seattle, WA.
- McLean, SP, Havriluk, R. and Brandt, S. (2008). Effect of Adding a Dolphin Kick to the Breaststroke Pullout. Poster presentation at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.
- Long, L.A., Vint, P.F., and McLean, S.P. (2007). Effect of Induced Functional Asymmetry on the Bilateral Deficit. Poster presentation at the 54th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, New Orleans, LA.
- Lovorn, J.L., Bartholomew, J., and McLean, S.P. (2006). Effect of over-training on psychology, physiology, and Biomechanics of Collegiate Swimmers. Poster presentation at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Denver, CO.
- Long, L.A., McLean, S.P., and Smith, J.C. (2006). Estimating exercise VO2 using backward extrapolation of post-exercise VO2. Poster presentation at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Denver, CO.
- McLean, S.P., Palmer, D., Ice, G., Wiskera, R., Truijens, M., and Smith, J. (2004). Effect of Stroke Rate Manipulation on Oxygen Uptake in Constant Speed Swimming. Presented at the 15th FINA World Sports Medicine Congress. Indianapolis, IN.
- McLean, S.P., Vint, P.F., Hinrichs, R.N., DeWitt, J.K., Morrison, B., and Mitchell, J. (2004). Factors affecting the accuracy of 2D-DLT calibration. Presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics. Portland, OR.
- Hinrichs, R.N., Vint, P.F., DeWitt, J.K., Morrison, B., Mitchell, J. and McLean, S.P. (2004). Predicting out-of-plane point locations using the 2D-DLT. Presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics. Portland, OR.
- McLean, S.P., Stember, A.J., and Vint, P.F. (2003). Perception of unilateral and bilateral isometric efforts. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(5-Supplement), S287. Presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, CA.
Specific subjects or issues you can knowledgeably discuss:
Sport/performance enhancement Swimming biomechanics and physiology Fitness topics
I am willing to talk to the media: yes
I am willing to talk to community groups about my area of expertise: no
Can you do interviews in Spanish? no
Other languages you are fluent in:
Experience with the news media (especially electronic media):
Office: Robertson Center 224